IFDC Report, Volume 38, No. 2
The global population is projected to reach 9.2 billion by 2050, posing significant challenges for farmers to meet the increasing demand for nutritious food. Fertilizer deep placement (FDP) technology has emerged as an innovative approach to enhance crop yields, increase farmers' incomes, reduce fertilizer usage, and mitigate environmental damage. Developed by the International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC), FDP offers an effective alternative to traditional surface broadcasting methods by utilizing compacted fertilizer briquettes placed below the soil surface. FDP has demonstrated an average yield increase of 18% while reducing fertilizer use by one-third, resulting in higher incremental annual incomes for farmers. Moreover, FDP minimizes nitrogen (N) losses to the atmosphere, water bodies, and groundwater, addressing environmental concerns associated with conventional broadcasting techniques. The technology has been successfully implemented in Bangladesh, benefiting more than 2.5 million farmers and improving food security in the country. Expansion efforts are also underway in Africa, aiming to increase rice yields and significantly reduce dependency on imported rice. Additionally, FDP exhibits promise in other crops, such as vegetables, cereals, and high-value crops, offering precise nutrient delivery and potential solutions for micronutrient deficiencies. Ongoing research and collaboration with agricultural research organizations aim to validate FDP's agronomic performance and economic returns in various cropping systems. Despite the labour-intensive nature of FDP, the overall benefits, including decreased production costs, increased yields, improved income, and environmental sustainability, outweigh the additional labour requirements. FDP has the potential to contribute to sustainable food production, rural development, and economic growth, offering a viable solution to meet the rising global food demand.
Deep placement, Public-Private Partnerships