The Role of Mineral Fertilizers in Climate-Resilient Agriculture: Focus on Myanmar

The use of mineral fertilizers has permitted at least 50% of global food production. However, use of fertilizers could have negative environmental consequences contributing to climate change. Climate change is thought to be partly responsible for increases in abiotic and biotic perturbations that negatively impact crop production. Impacts of climate change, such as an increase in incidences of flooding. drought, salinity, and crop disease, are noted for Myanmar. However, appropriate use of existing nitrogen (N) fertilizers, development of new N fertilizers with improved uptake efficiency, and the balancing of fertilizer composition to include secondary and micronutrients can mitigate both the contribution of fertilizer to climate change and the impact of climate change in agriculture. This paper addresses the role of fertilizers in a changing climate where drought, salinity, pests, and incidences of diseases are heightened. Strategies to enhance fertilizer ase efficiency toward engendering a climate-resilient production system are discussed for rice, the predominant crop in Myanmar.
Fertilizers, Climate resilience
Dimkpa, C.O., D.T. Hellums, U. Singh, and P.S. Bindraban. 2018. “The Role of Mineral Fertilizers in Climate-Resilient Agriculture: Focus on Myanmar,” IN Myanmar Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Management Conference Proceedings, pp. 221-241, IFDC and DAR, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.