Fertilizer Use Efficiency and Economic Viability of Fertilizer Use by Farmers in Ghana

Maize, a crucial staple food in Ghana, plays a pivotal role in achieving food security and poverty alleviation. Various fertilizer subsidy programs since 2008 aimed to boost maize production. However, disruptions in fertilizer markets due to the COVID-19 pandemic and geopolitical conflicts have led to increased prices. This policy brief examines the efficiency and economic viability of fertilizer use in Ghana, considering evidence of low profitability in other African countries. The Fertilizer Research and Responsible Implementation (FERARI) program is referenced, emphasizing both agronomic effectiveness and economic viability. Analysis involves agronomic efficiency (AE), value-cost ratio (VCR), and resource use efficiency (RUE). Results highlight challenges, including overutilization of fertilizers, rising prices, and the need for improved practices to enhance economic viability. The policy implications underscore the importance of Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) practices, reduced application rates, and addressing market conditions to ensure sustainable and economically viable fertilizer use.
Maize, Food security, Integrated Soil Fertility Management