Environmental Degradation Effect on Agricultural Development: An Aggregate and a Sectoral Evidence of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Ghana

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Purpose – Quality environment is argued to be essential for ensuring food security. The effect of environmental degradation on agriculture has thus gained the attention of researchers. However, the analyses of aggregate and sectoral effect of carbon dioxide emissions on agricultural development are limited in the literature. Consequently, this study examines the effect of aggregate and sectoral carbon emissions on Ghana’s agricultural development. Design/methodology/approach – Time-series data from 1971 to 2017 are employed for the study. Regression analysis and a variance decomposition analysis are employed in the study. Findings – The results show that the country’s agricultural development is negatively affected by aggregate carbon emission while financial development, labour and capital increases agricultural development. Further, industrial development and emissions from transport sector, industrial sector and other sectors adversely affect Ghana’s agriculture development. The contribution of carbon emission together with other explanatory variables to the changes in agricultural development generally increases over the period. Originality/value – This study analyses the aggregate and sectoral carbon dioxide emission effect on Ghana’s agricultural development.
Agricultural development, Regression analysis