Measuring Agricultural and Structural Transformation

Over the past three decades, substantial progress has been made in reducing poverty and hunger globally, primarily through structural transformations of economies transitioning from subsistence agriculture to wage employment in manufacturing and services. However, this transformation has been uneven, with Africa facing challenges in achieving similar outcomes. This paper explores the dynamics of contemporary structural transformation, focusing on various attributes that shape the process, such as economic, demographic, agricultural, social, political, ecological, and temporal factors. It highlights the need for a more nuanced understanding of structural transformation in today's context and presents empirical analyses, including cross-country assessments and sub-national case studies, to shed light on the evolving nature of this transformation. The paper also discusses the changing employment patterns and sectoral shifts, emphasizing the growing importance of rural nonfarm employment and the role of agriculture in inclusive growth. Ultimately, it provides a comprehensive perspective on the complexities of contemporary structural transformation and its implications for policy analysis and development strategies.
Hunger alleviation, Poverty reduction