Assessment of Fertilizer Distribution Systems and Opportunities for Developing Fertilizer Blends Nigeria

Abstract
This assessment focuses on the Nigerian fertilizer sector, examining key stakeholders, policy and regulations, and soil information. Interviews were conducted with representatives from various organizations, and documents related to fertilizer recommendations for crops like soybean, cassava, rice, maize, and groundnut were reviewed. Soil information, particularly on acidity and nutrient levels, was gathered, and maps developed by different programs were analyzed. The assessment highlights the challenges posed by leached acid soils and drained acid sulfate soils in different regions. The study also evaluates the distribution of fertilizers in Nigeria, presenting an inventory of available fertilizers in the market, including types, trade names, and crops they are applied to. The development of fertilizer blends is discussed, emphasizing the rationale behind their formulation and the dominant use of the 20:10:10 blend. The analysis suggests that the current fertilizer distribution system is influenced by government initiatives, particularly the Presidential Fertilizer Initiative (PFI). Soil fertility recommendations for staple crops (maize, rice, cassava, soybean, and groundnut) are examined, revealing gaps and inefficiencies in the existing formulations. The assessment emphasizes the need for balanced crop nutrition research and suggests interventions to address these gaps. The potential and challenges of the Nigerian fertilizer market are outlined, with a SWOT analysis of key players in the distribution chain.
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Keywords
Soil fertility, Fertilizers, Soil maps
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